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不为贸易的贸易战:争夺全球产业分工话语权

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年01月17日 22:03:28
【字体:

幸运28计划信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力诚招代理Q扣992.77.339时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站不为贸易的贸易战:争夺全球产业分工话语权

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(原)(标)(题)(:不)(为)(贸)(易)(的)(贸)(易)(战)(:争)(夺)(全)(球)(产)(业)(分)(工)(话)(语)(权)(
作)(者)(七)(七)(四)(十)(壹)(
中)(美)(贸)(易)(的)(核)(心)(冲)(突)(,不)(是)(开)(放)(市)(场)(,不)(是)(缩)(减)(顺)(差)(,是)(中)(美)(争)(夺)(未)(来)(全)(球)(产)(业)(分)(工)(的)(话)(语)(权)(。现)(代)(经)(济)(学)(理)(论)(改)(变)(了)(传)(统)(自)(由)(贸)(易)(的)(看)(法)(,包)(括)(贸)(易)(保)(护)(在)(内)(的)(各)(项)(产)(业)(扶)(持)(,被)(广)(泛)(地)(运)(用)(于)(战)(略)(性)(产)(业)(,因)(为)(决)(策)(者)(认)(为)(这)(些)(产)(业)(能)(够)(产)(生)(技)(术)(外)(溢)(,主)(导)(全)(球)(产)(业)(分)(工)(秩)(序)(,最)(终)(决)(定)(经)(济)(增)(长)(的)(潜)(力)(。
经)(济)(学)(家)(和)(政)(治)(哲)(学)(家)(们)(的)(思)(想)(,无)(论)(对)(错)(,比)(一)(般)(人)(们)(所)(认)(为)(的)(更)(有)(影)(响)(力)(。那)(些)(掌)(权)(的)(狂)(人)(,…其)(实)(他)(们)(狂)(妄)(的)(思)(想)(是)(来)(自)(几)(年)(前)(某)(位)(拙)(劣)(的)(作)(家)(。…危)(险)(的)(是)(思)(想)(,而)(不)(是)(既)(得)(利)(益)(。
———约)(翰)(·凯)(恩)(斯)(《就)(业)(、利)(息)(和)(货)(币)(通)(论)(》
01,贸)(易)(战)(的)(核)(心)(冲)(突)(不)(是)(贸)(易)(
从)(矛)(盾)(、摩)(擦)(到)(争)(端)(、“战)(争)(”,中)(美)(之)(间)(贸)(易)(关)(系)(的)(核)(心)(冲)(突)(到)(底)(是)(什)(么)(?
是)(敦)(促)(中)(国)(开)(放)(市)(场)(,降)(低)(关)(税)(吗)(?不)(是)(。
中)(国)(是)(过)(去)(20年)(全)(球)(化)(发)(展)(最)(大)(受)(益)(者)(,实)(现)(了)(人)(类)(经)(济)(史)(的)(奇)(迹)(。如)(果)(美)(国)(敦)(促)(我)(们)(开)(放)(市)(场)(降)(低)(关)(税)(,推)(动)(我)(们)(在)(深)(化)(改)(革)(道)(路)(上)(继)(续)(前)(进)(。何)(乐)(而)(不)(为)(?除)(了)(技)(术)(细)(节)(争)(议)((比)(如)(把)(中)(国)(汽)(车)(进)(口)(关)(税)(降)(低)(到)(和)(美)(国)(同)(样)(的)(水)(平)(),中)(美)(双)(方)(在)(大)(方)(向)(上)(完)(全)(一)(致)(。
是)(缩)(减)(1000-2000亿)(美)(元)(的)(贸)(易)(顺)(差)(吗)(?不)(是)(。
特)(朗)(普)(狮)(子)(大)(开)(口)(,从)(原)(先)(缩)(减)(1000亿)(美)(元)(贸)(易)(顺)(差)(,到)(现)(在)(美)(国)(代)(表)(团)(提)(出)(在)(2020年)(缩)(减)(2000亿)(美)(元)(贸)(易)(顺)(差)(。这)(是)(不)(可)(能)(的)(任)(务)(?
中)(国)(完)(全)(可)(以)(通)(过)(增)(加)(进)(口)(平)(稳)(出)(口)(,来)(缩)(减)(巨)(额)(中)(美)(贸)(易)(顺)(差)(。1000-2000亿)(美)(元)(看)(起)(来)(规)(模)(巨)(大)(,但)(只)(相)(当)(于)(中)(国)(2017年)(进)(口)(总)(规)(模)(1.8万)(亿)(美)(元)(的)(5.5%-11%而)(已)(。
未)(来)(三)(年)(,中)(国)(每)(年)(额)(外)(增)(加)(4%的)(进)(口)(量)(,就)(能)(缩)(减)(2000亿)(美)(元)(贸)(易)(顺)(差)(。即)(使)(GDP增)(速)(可)(能)(受)(影)(响)(下)(降)(,但)(增)(长)(的)(“质)(量)(更)(高)(,给)(国)(内)(消)(费)(者)(带)(来)(更)(多)(高)(质)(量)(产)(品)(和)(服)(务)(。
那)(么)(中)(美)(贸)(易)(的)(核)(心)(冲)(突)(是)(什)(么)(?
中)(国)(制)(造)(2025!
贸)(易)(手)(段)(服)(务)(于)(产)(业)(政)(策)(,产)(业)(结)(构)(是)(一)(国)(经)(济)(实)(力)(的)(重)(要)(体)(现)(。中)(美)(之)(间)(的)(核)(心)(矛)(盾)(是)(,在)(未)(来)(的)(领)(先)(性)(产)(业)(群)(,谁)(执)(牛)(耳)(。这)(不)(仅)(仅)(决)(定)(了)(全)(球)(产)(业)(分)(工)(序)(列)(,更)(预)(示)(经)(济)(增)(长)(潜)(力)(大)(小)(。
那)(么)(为)(什)(么)(中)(美)(双)(方)(都)(要)(争)(夺)(战)(略)(性)(新)(兴)(产)(业)(的)(发)(展)(龙)(头)(?
我)(们)(简)(单)(回)(顾)(一)(下)(这)(个)(政)(策)(意)(图)(背)(后)(的)(经)(济)(学)(思)(想)(。
02,战)(略)(性)(贸)(易)(政)(策)(的)(经)(济)(思)(想)(
美)(国)(经)(济)(学)(家)(克)(鲁)(格)(曼)((PaulKrugman,2008年)(诺)(贝)(尔)(经)(济)(学)(奖)(获)(得)(者)()在)(1986年)(,找)(来)(一)(些)(工)(商)(界)(和)(政)(界)(人)(士)(,在)(度)(假)(胜)(地)(罗)(德)(岛)(,开)(了)(一)(个)(学)(术)(研)(讨)(会)(。
会)(后)(,他)(把)(邀)(请)(来)(的)(经)(济)(学)(发)(言)(稿)(集)(结)(成)(册)(,出)(版)(了)(《战)(略)(性)(贸)(易)(和)(国)(际)(经)(济)(》(StrategicTradeandInternationalEconomy)。
犹)(太)(经)(济)(学)(家)(克)(鲁)(格)(曼)(,有)(着)(乔)(治)(克)(鲁)(尼)(式)(的)(胡)(子)(
这)(份)(会)(议)(期)(刊)(重)(版)(7次)(,畅)(销)(世)(界)(。在)(引)(入)(中)(文)(版)(本)(后)(,这)(份)(期)(刊)(成)(为)(许)(多)(中)(国)(大)(学)(的)(经)(济)(学)(指)(定)(参)(考)(书)(。在)(2000-2004年)(引)(发)(国)(内)(经)(济)(学)(界)(大)(论)(战)(,中)(国)(到)(底)(应)(该)(遵)(循)(比)(较)(优)(势)(发)(展)(劳)(动)(密)(集)(型)(产)(业)(,还)(是)(跨)(越)(式)(发)(展)(资)(本)(技)(术)(密)(集)(型)(产)(业)(。大)(多)(数)(经)(济)(学)(家)(都)(涉)(足)(其)(中)(。
那)(场)(经)(济)(学)(大)(讨)(论)(,影)(响)(了)(当)(时)(的)(两)(位)(中)(青)(年)(经)(济)(学)(者)(,他)(们)(联)(名)(连)(续)(出)(版)(两)(本)(产)(业)(发)(展)(政)(策)(专)(著)(,《中)(国)(产)(业)(政)(策)(:理)(念)(和)(实)(践)(》和)(《结)(构)(转)(换)(研)(究)(》。这)(两)(名)(作)(者)(分)(别)(是)(,刘)(鹤)((现)(任)(国)(务)(院)(副)(总)(理)(),和)(杨)(伟)(民)((现)(任)(中)(财)(办)(副)(主)(任)()。
战)(略)(性)(贸)(易)(理)(论)(是)(相)(对)(古)(典)(贸)(易)(理)(论)(产)(生)(的)(。
古)(典)(自)(由)(贸)(易)(理)(论)(认)(为)(,任)(何)(经)(济)(体)(都)(可)(以)(找)(到)(相)(对)(比)(较)(优)(势)(,分)(工)(生)(产)(后)(开)(展)(自)(由)(贸)(易)(。政)(府)(应)(该)(放)(任)(市)(场)(自)(己)(寻)(找)(相)(对)(竞)(争)(优)(势)(,扫)(除)(一)(切)(壁)(垒)(,促)(进)(自)(由)(贸)(易)(。自)(由)(贸)(易)(理)(论)(的)(基)(石)(是)(完)(全)(充)(分)(竞)(争)(的)(市)(场)(。
在)(完)(全)(竞)(争)(的)(市)(场)(上)(,每)(个)(行)(业)(/企)(业)(获)(得)(的)(收)(益)(都)(是)(边)(际)(均)(衡)(的)(,没)(有)(超)(额)(利)(润)(。一)(旦)(出)(现)(超)(额)(利)(润)(,就)(会)(有)(新)(进)(入)(者)(,迅)(速)(消)(灭)(超)(额)(利)(润)(。
但)(现)(代)(经)(济)(学)(认)(为)(,完)(全)(竞)(争)(市)(场)(不)(存)(在)(,在)(学)(习)(曲)(线)(、规)(模)(经)(济)(和)(动)(态)(创)(新)(的)(影)(响)(下)(,边)(际)(规)(模)(效)(用)(递)(增)(,行)(业)(市)(场)(份)(额)(会)(逐)(渐)(集)(中)(向)(少)(数)(企)(业)(集)(中)(。
比)(如)(,互)(联)(网)(看)(似)(是)(门)(槛)(极)(低)(的)(自)(由)(竞)(争)(行)(业)(,但)(垄)(断)(程)(度)(却)(是)(所)(有)(行)(业)(里)(最)(高)(的)(。中)(美)(两)(个)(最)(大)(的)(互)(联)(网)(市)(场)(上)(,占)(据)(八)(成)(流)(量)(的)(企)(业)(不)(足)(5家)(,而)(在)(传)(统)(银)(行)(业)(,有)(超)(过)(100家)(企)(业)(分)(享)(80%的)(市)(场)(份)(额)(。
互)(联)(网)(和)(科)(技)(的)(发)(展)(,还)(推)(动)(了)(传)(统)(行)(业)(的)(市)(场)(份)(额)(集)(中)(,一)(些)(快)(速)(消)(费)(品)(和)(传)(统)(制)(造)(业)(企)(业)(规)(模)(扩)(大)(到)(此)(前)(难)(以)(想)(象)(的)(规)(模)(。
古)(典)(贸)(易)(理)(论)(认)(为)(,所)(有)(产)(业)(没)(有)(“租)(金)(”,产)(业)(之)(间)(利)(润)(均)(衡)(。一)(旦)(某)(个)(产)(业)(出)(现)(超)(额)(利)(润)(,就)(会)(有)(更)(多)(资)(本)(涌)(入)(,消)(灭)(超)(额)(利)(润)(。(“租)(金)(”在)(经)(济)(学)(中)(是)(指)(,“某)(种)(要)(素)(所)(得)(到)(高)(于)(该)(要)(素)(用)(于)(其)(他)(用)(途)(所)(获)(得)(的)(收)(益)(”。比)(如)(,某)(个)(产)(业)(所)(获)(得)(高)(于)(其)(他)(相)(同)(风)(险)(产)(业)(的)(利)(润)(率)(。)
战)(略)(性)(贸)(易)(理)(论)(认)(为)(,有)(一)(些)(产)(业)(是)(具)(有)(“租)(金)(”的)(,他)(们)(不)(仅)(能)(够)(长)(期)(获)(得)(超)(过)(其)(他)(行)(业)(的)(利)(润)(率)(,而)(且)(还)(具)(有)(外)(部)(经)(济)(性)(,产)(生)(技)(术)(外)(溢)(,带)(动)(其)(他)(产)(业)(成)(长)(。
比)(如)(,1980-1990年)(代)(的)(家)(电)(产)(业)(,1990-2000的)(集)(成)(电)(路)(,2000-2010年)(的)(半)(导)(体)(芯)(片)(,都)(带)(动)(了)(产)(业)(集)(聚)(提)(升)(,是)(战)(略)(性)(产)(业)(。
为)(了)(培)(育)(发)(展)(这)(些)(战)(略)(性)(产)(业)(,一)(国)(可)(以)(提)(高)(关)(税)(、财)(政)(补)(贴)(、企)(业)(协)(同)(、政)(府)(扶)(持)(,可)(以)(向)(产)(业)(内)(企)(业)(明)(显)(倾)(斜)(,推)(动)(产)(业)(的)(跨)(越)(成)(长)(。
03,战)(略)(性)(贸)(易)(政)(策)(:日)(本)(的)(经)(验)(和)(教)(训)(
1960-2000年)(,日)(本)(在)(四)(十)(年)(内)(通)(过)(贸)(易)(保)(护)(和)(政)(府)(支)(持)(,实)(施)(了)(产)(业)(跨)(越)(发)(展)(。经)(济)(学)(家)(山)(村)(光)(三)(对)(此)(有)(深)(刻)(的)(论)(述)(,
“日)(本)(人)(有)(一)(个)(共)(同)(的)(强)(烈)(动)(机)(,一)(个)(全)(民)(族)(的)(共)(识)(:尽)(快)(从)(二)(战)(战)(败)(耻)(辱)(中)(恢)(复)(过)(来)(,实)(现)(经)(济)(的)(快)(速)(增)(长)(。这)(一)(点)(被)(认)(为)(是)(重)(新)(获)(得)(民)(族)(骄)(傲)(的)(唯)(一)(方)(法)(。”
“大)(藏)(省)((日)(本)(财)(政)(部)()首)(先)(贷)(款)(给)(一)(些)(最)(大)(的)(银)(行)((13家)(城)(市)(银)(行)(),再)(指)(导)(他)(们)(把)(贷)(款)(给)(最)(大)(的)(几)(家)(从)(事)(创)(新)(获)(得)(的)(企)(业)(。由)(于)(大)(藏)(省)(有)(权)(控)(制)(整)(个)(利)(率)(结)(构)(,可)(以)(规)(定)(给)(大)(企)(业)(的)(贷)(款)(低)(于)(均)(衡)(利)(率)(。”
为)(了)(发)(展)(具)(有)(“新)(兴)(产)(业)(”,日)(本)(允)(许)(国)(内)(垄)(断)(,让)(产)(业)(国)(内)(价)(格)(长)(期)(远)(远)(高)(于)(国)(际)(水)(平)(,让)(国)(内)(消)(费)(者)(补)(贴)(企)(业)(,促)(进)(企)(业)(获)(得)(更)(大)(国)(际)(市)(场)(份)(额)(,获)(取)(竞)(争)(力)(。比)(如)(1970-1980年)(代)(的)(电)(视)(机)(产)(业)(。松)(下)(、索)(尼)(、三)(洋)(、日)(立)(、三)(菱)(、东)(芝)(和)(夏)(普)(,这)(7家)(公)(司)(垄)(断)(日)(本)(市)(场)(。日)(本)(政)(府)(允)(许)(这)(7家)(公)(司)(形)(成)(价)(格)(联)(盟)(,甚)(至)(帮)(助)(他)(们)(提)(高)(进)(口)(家)(电)(关)(税)(,让)(日)(本)(国)(内)(电)(视)(机)(价)(格)(高)(于)(国)(际)(市)(场)(30%-40%。这)(些)(企)(业)(拿)(了)(政)(府)(补)(贴)(和)(国)(内)(市)(场)(收)(入)(,向)(美)(国)(倾)(销)(低)(价)(电)(视)(机)(。
物)(美)(价)(廉)(的)(日)(本)(彩)(电)(在)(美)(国)(市)(场)(的)(份)(额)(从)(1967年)(的)(3%上)(升)(到)(1977年)(的)(37%,与)(此)(同)(时)(美)(国)(有)(21家)(家)(电)(生)(产)(商)(申)(请)(破)(产)(
“为)(了)(对)(付)(IBM,日)(本)(政)(府)(和)(5家)(企)(业)(一)(起)(在)(1976年)(4月)(成)(立)(了)(第)(4代)(超)(大)(规)(模)(集)(成)(电)(路)(联)(合)(研)(发)(委)(员)(会)(,100名)(来)(自)(日)(本)(计)(算)(机)(企)(业)(和)(通)(产)(省)(电)(子)(研)(究)(院)(的)(研)(究)(员)(聚)(集)(起)(来)(。在)(以)(后)(的)(4年)(,花)(费)(了)(包)(括)(政)(府)(300亿)(日)(元)(补)(贴)(在)(内)(的)(700亿)(日)(元)(。当)(超)(大)(规)(模)(集)(成)(技)(术)(被)(开)(发)(出)(来)(,研)(究)(所)(就)(地)(解)(散)(。”
强)(烈)(的)(贸)(易)(保)(护)(和)(政)(府)(扶)(持)(,推)(动)(了)(日)(本)(经)(济)(在)(1960-1980年)(代)(的)(跨)(越)(式)(发)(展)(,让)(日)(本)(站)(上)(了)(全)(球)(产)(业)(分)(工)(的)(最)(顶)(端)(。
然)(而)(,这)(些)(贸)(易)(保)(护)(措)(施)(和)(产)(业)(政)(策)(在)(2000年)(后)(慢)(慢)(失)(效)(。半)(导)(体)(产)(业)(,日)(本)(企)(业)(被)(韩)(国)(、台)(湾)(赶)(超)(;更)(前)(沿)(的)(智)(能)(手)(机)(和)(大)(数)(据)(等)(,也)(逐)(渐)(被)(美)(国)(甩)(开)(。
日)(本)(失)(去)(了)(互)(联)(网)(时)(代)(的)(创)(新)(能)(力)(,政)(府)(保)(护)(扶)(持)(的)(产)(业)(发)(展)(在)(科)(技)(创)(新)(中)(无)(能)(为)(力)(。其)(原)(因)(在)(于)(:
1,互)(联)(网)(时)(代)(的)(知)(识)(创)(新)(,需)(要)(知)(识)(和)(信)(息)(充)(分)(的)(交)(流)(回)(荡)(碰)(撞)(。尽)(管)(日)(本)(政)(府)(支)(持)(企)(业)(进)(行)(创)(新)(,但)(各)(企)(业)(之)(间)(的)(信)(息)(沟)(通)(,却)(是)(相)(对)(封)(闭)(的)(,知)(识)(被)(严)(密)(地)(保)(护)(在)(企)(业)(内)(。
2,在)(泡)(沫)(破)(灭)(,长)(时)(间)(经)(济)(衰)(退)(后)(,日)(本)(执)(政)(主)(体)(动)(荡)(。执)(政)(的)(政)(策)(制)(定)(者)(,任)(期)(短)(暂)(,无)(法)(支)(持)(某)(类)(产)(业)(持)(续)(发)(展)(。
3,在)(技)(术)(创)(新)(方)(面)(,受)(到)(美)(国)(约)(束)(,在)(美)(创)(办)(的)(研)(发)(中)(心)(,新)(技)(术)(新)(产)(品)(往)(往)(不)(能)(直)(接)(输)(入)(到)(本)(国)(市)(场)(。
4,笨)(重)(的)(商)(业)(银)(行)(金)(融)(体)(系)(不)(能)(为)(创)(新)(融)(资)(。占)(垄)(断)(地)(位)(的)(传)(统)(信)(贷)(体)(系)(,不)(能)(为)(处)(于)(初)(创)(期)(的)(技)(术)(革)(命)(提)(供)(资)(金)(支)(持)(。由)(于)(股)(票)(市)(场)(长)(期)(低)(迷)(,股)(权)(投)(资)(的)(一)(级)(市)(场)(先)(天)(不)(足)(,科)(技)(创)(新)(无)(法)(获)(得)(优)(良)(的)(融)(资)(条)(件)(。
04,中)(国)(制)(造)(2025和)(全)(球)(产)(业)(分)(工)(秩)(序)(
克)(鲁)(格)(曼)(等)(现)(代)(经)(济)(学)(家)(的)(战)(略)(性)(贸)(易)(理)(论)(,已)(经)(深)(深)(地)(印)(刻)(在)(中)(国)(的)(产)(业)(政)(策)(中)(。
2000-2010年)(期)(间)(,中)(国)(的)(产)(业)(快)(速)(融)(入)(全)(球)(分)(工)(体)(系)(。首)(先)(,顺)(应)(劳)(动)(力)(优)(势)(,发)(展)(相)(对)(比)(较)(优)(势)(的)(劳)(动)(密)(集)(型)(产)(品)(。接)(着)(,逐)(渐)(过)(渡)(到)(资)(本)(密)(集)(型)(产)(业)(,以)(市)(场)(换)(技)(术)(,发)(展)(自)(主)(创)(新)(。
从)(2010年)(以)(来)(,中)(国)(开)(始)(尝)(试)(“弯)(道)(超)(车)(”,跨)(越)(式)(发)(展)(产)(业)(。
中)(国)(决)(策)(层)(在)(不)(断)(鼓)(励)(刺)(激)(新)(兴)(的)(、具)(有)(技)(术)(外)(溢)(的)(,领)(先)(性)(行)(业)(快)(速)(发)(展)(。半)(导)(体)(芯)(片)(、光)(伏)(新)(能)(源)(、大)(飞)(机)(、电)(动)(车)(、5G/6G,这)(些)(耗)(费)(巨)(额)(资)(本)(,短)(期)(没)(有)(收)(益)(的)(,前)(沿)(产)(业)(得)(到)(了)(持)(续)(性)(、强)(烈)(的)(支)(持)(。
中)(国)(制)(造)(2025,就)(是)(选)(择)(未)(来)(具)(有)(技)(术)(外)(溢)(,外)(部)(经)(济)(性)(的)(行)(业)(,进)(行)(集)(中)(性)(投)(资)(和)(贸)(易)(保)(护)(,在)(未)(来)(的)(国)(际)(分)(工)(体)(系)(中)(处)(于)(顶)(端)(。
在)(没)(有)(贸)(易)(冲)(突)(之)(前)(,中)(国)(制)(造)(2025前)(景)(光)(明)(。
1,中)(国)(是)(全)(球)(第)(二)(大)(经)(济)(体)(,经)(济)(总)(量)(已)(经)(相)(当)(于)(美)(国)(的)(70%,日)(本)(的)(2.5倍)(。超)(级)(稳)(定)(的)(政)(府)(具)(有)(人)(类)(历)(史)(上)(最)(大)(的)(经)(济)(资)(源)(动)(员)(能)(力)(;
2,中)(国)(的)(产)(业)(政)(策)(,具)(有)(强)(持)(续)(性)(。政)(策)(决)(策)(者)(非)(常)(了)(解)(科)(技)(进)(展)(,并)(且)(和)(企)(业)(、市)(场)(投)(资)(人)(形)(成)(高)(度)(一)(致)(。哪)(些)(产)(业)(是)(未)(来)(领)(先)(性)(具)(有)(技)(术)(外)(溢)(效)(应)(的)(行)(业)(。
3,中)(国)(政)(府)(对)(于)(产)(业)(升)(级)(具)(有)(坚)(定)(的)(决)(心)(,不)(会)(因)(为)(任)(何)(外)(界)(干)(扰)(而)(出)(现)(波)(动)(。包)(括)(未)(来)(可)(能)(持)(续)(的)(中)(美)(贸)(易)(摩)(擦)(和)(冲)(突)(。
05,中)(国)(如)(何)(适)(度)(规)(避)(激)(烈)(冲)(突)(
首)(先)(,我)(们)(要)(客)(观)(清)(楚)(地)(认)(识)(到)(,中)(美)(贸)(易)(冲)(突)(,只)(是)(表)(象)(。核)(心)(冲)(突)(是)(全)(球)(产)(业)(分)(工)(秩)(序)(的)(重)(组)(,中)(美)(在)(争)(夺)(产)(业)(链)(条)(的)(顶)(端)(,制)(定)(全)(球)(分)(工)(体)(系)(话)(语)(权)(。
其)(次)(,这)(个)(核)(心)(冲)(突)(不)(可)(调)(和)(。中)(美)(双)(方)(,都)(不)(会)(在)(这)(个)(经)(济)(底)(线)(上)(做)(出)(让)(步)(。我)(们)(必)(须)(清)(醒)(的)(认)(识)(,冲)(突)(会)(持)(续)(很)(久)(。
然)(而)(,中)(国)(仍)(然)(可)(以)(适)(度)(规)(避)(冲)(突)(。促)(进)(产)(业)(发)(展)(,可)(以)(不)(通)(过)(赤)(裸)(裸)(的)(直)(接)(补)(贴)(和)(支)(持)(。
这)(些)(方)(法)(包)(括)(:
1,不)(向)(新)(兴)(产)(业)(提)(供)(直)(接)(财)(政)(补)(贴)(,而)(是)(在)(税)(收)(,和)(企)(业)(会)(计)(准)(则)(上)(提)(供)(灵)(活)(变)(通)(;
2,为)(战)(略)(性)(产)(业)(提)(供)(直)(接)(融)(资)(,设)(立)(多)(样)(性)(大)(型)(股)(权)(投)(资)(基)(金)(。
3,全)(力)(发)(展)(股)(权)(市)(场)(,完)(善)(二)(级)(市)(场)(。萌)(芽)(型)(的)(创)(新)(产)(品)(,无)(法)(被)(传)(统)(的)(银)(行)(体)(系)(所)(支)(持)(,只)(能)(依)(赖)(风)(险)(承)(受)(力)(极)(高)(的)(股)(权)(投)(资)(。而)(覆)(盖)(广)(泛)(的)(一)(级)(市)(场)(依)(赖)(于)(成)(熟)(的)(二)(级)(市)(场)(。A股)(市)(场)(需)(要)(更)(有)(广)(度)((新)(经)(济)(代)(表)()和)(深)(度)((包)(括)(做)(空)(在)(内)(的)(对)(冲)()
4,提)(供)(知)(识)(流)(动)(的)(创)(新)(共)(享)(平)(台)(。观)(察)(美)(国)(近)(10年)(的)(创)(新)(源)(泉)(,大)(学)(成)(为)(最)(重)(要)(的)(基)(地)(。大)(量)(创)(新)(型)(企)(业)(都)(依)(托)(围)(绕)(着)(著)(名)(院)(校)(。互)(联)(网)(时)(代)(,封)(闭)(式)(的)(知)(识)(保)(护)(,不)(利)(于)(产)(生)(新)(生)(知)(识)(。Facebook、Google,不)(仅)(允)(许)(离)(职)(员)(工)(带)(走)(源)(代)(码)(,甚)(至)(共)(享)(研)(究)(成)(果)(,因)(为)(流)(动)(和)(共)(享)(才)(能)(产)(生)(新)(知)(。
认)(清)(中)(美)(贸)(易)(摩)(擦)(的)(本)(质)(,冷)(静)(看)(待)(冲)(突)(的)(不)(可)(调)(和)(,不)(畏)(惧)(冲)(突)(,想)(方)(法)(减)(少)(冲)(突)(对)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(影)(响)(。这)(才)(是)(我)(们)(应)(有)(的)(态)(度)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
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